Balaram Ambaji Wildlife Sanctuary
Flora and Fauna in Balaram Ambaji Wildlife SanctuaryThis place is typically wealthy in fauna and flora multiplicity in particular with the medicinal plants; while, many flora and fauna varieties of universal exchange have a great significance. The rarest flora found in this region is Gugal, Kadaya, Musali and many others. The main and important trees are the Salai, the Khair, as well as the Modad, the Khakhara, the Dhavada, and Timru. During the time of late winters; i.e, between February to March; and the Khakhara, which is also known as the blaze of the forests, also known by different names like the Palash, Kesudo, Tesu, and Dhak attracts the red colour, which seems like flames in the forests.
This place where the Sanctuary is located falls in between the two rivers namely – Banas and Sabarmati. The rare animals in this wildlife sanctuary include – leopard, sloth bear, striped hyena, blue bull, fox, small Indian civet, porcupine, Indian pangolin monitor lizards, and many other different varieties of reptiles which include poisonous and non poisonous snakes, star tortoise etc. There are also many rare birds which migrate to this place during the season and they are osprey, Stork, black vultures, white backed Vulture and spoonbill.
Role of the Sanctuary in Conservation of Eco-SystemThe importance of this forest is that the sanctuary plays a major role in conservation of the eco-system which is been depleting and also to control the expansion of the hugely growing forest towards the ‘Thar Desert’. The forest place scattered with numerous hillocks and hills form the flowing waters of ‘Dantiwala’ and ‘Dharoi’, which are the two major dams situated in the northern regions of the sanctuary. The ecological border of the sanctuary, which gets integrated with the forests of the northern state called ‘Rajasthan’; while, there is a spread of the agricultural fields on all the other sides, which marks as a security to the environment and preserves from being ameliorated.
The distinctive ecosystem which harbors around 483 species of plants also includes 107 types of trees, the 58 species of shrubs, the 219 variety of herbs, the 49 types of climbers, as well as the 40 different grasses and 10 variety of lower plants; and they are – the desi baval, the bor, and dudhi, the bili, the kanji, and indrajav, the golar, as well as the karanj, the jamun, the behda, and arjun sadad, etc.
There are many threats to the ecosystem, as there are frequent droughts because of the great biotic burden, lopping intrusion or violation, scarcity of water sources is not been well distributed, and also due to the disintegration of the habitat, which has affected the food chain process of the animals and birds.
The reserve enlargement and improvement needs to be taken care, and should be initiated by connecting between the local population in setting up advancement; while, the Eco-development actions are planned in such a way that, they are able to meet the basic requirements of the community and also to reduce burden on the resource. The primary activities which include are the supply of drinking water, food development, soil and water preservation, substitute the sources of energy, agricultural development and variety of income producing activities.
Banaskantha, near Godhra
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